Contrast flow velocity quantification from time-resolved CT angiography: a phantom study
Host Publication: SPIE Medical Imaging 2020
Authors: P. Boonen, N. Buls, G. Van Gompel, Y. De Brucker, D. Aerden, L. Tim, J. De Mey and J. Vandemeulebroucke
Publication Date: Mar. 2020
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in replacing digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as method of choice for the diagnostic imaging of patients suffering from lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Due to small vessel diameters and suboptimal resolution, examinations of below-the-knee arteries however remain extremely challenging. The advent of wide beam CT scanners allows to perform multiple CT acquisitions over a wide patient volume. A sequence of these CT acquisitions at timed intervals could provide additional hemodynamic information, and as such allows to track a contrast bolus that propagates through the arterial conduit. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of ow velocity measurements using time-resolved computed tomography angiography (CTA). To this end, we constructed a mechanical ow phantom (single lumen, 6 mm inner-diameter). Six consecutive time-resolved CTA acquisitions were performed at a constant ow rate to achieve six reference velocities (21.2 mm/s, 38.9 mm/s, 60.1 mm/s, 81.4 mm/s, 99.0 mm/s and 120.3 mm/s). The mean centerline ow velocity was obtained from the contrast propagation over three different segmental lengths (160 mm, 80 mm and 40 mm) and then compared to the reference ow velocity. The results of this study suggest that mean ow velocities within the range of typical blood ow velocities in the below-the-knee arteries (40 mm/s - 70 mm/s), can be accurately measured with high precision in a 6 mm ow phantom using time-resolved CTA when considering a minimal path length of 80 mm.