Content-Guided Convolutional Neural Network for Hyperspectral Image Classification
This publication appears in: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Authors: Q. Liu, L. Xiao, J. Yang and J. C-W Chan
Publication Date: Mar. 2020
Convolutional neural networks (CNNs) are of great interest and have demonstrated remarkable performance in hyperspectral images (HSIs) classification. However, due to the current configuration of the convolution layers with a fixed kernel shape, regular CNNs are inherently limited in modeling the diverse land-cover structures, particularly in the cross-classes edge regions, where irregular class boundaries would lead to high classification errors. To address this issue, we propose a content-guided CNN (CGCNN) for HSI classification. Compared with the shape-fixed kernel in the traditional CNN, the proposed content-guided convolution adaptively adjusts its kernel shape according to the spatial distribution of land covers. The content pattern is reflected by a latent guide map automatically learned from HSI. Such content-Adaptive kernel with CGCNN could suppress the irregularity and unexpected features in class boundaries and, thus, improve the feature learning in cross-classes regions. Based on the content-guided convolution, a novel guided feature extraction unit (GFEU) is constructed for spectral-spatial feature learning of HSI. Finally, the CGCNN classification framework is established by stacking multiple GFEUs with dense connection, which is helpful for mitigating the gradient vanishing and increasing the robustness to overfitting. Extensive experiments on several HSIs demonstrate that the proposed approach possesses great details' preserving ability and its performance outperforms other state-of-The-Art methods.