Hyperspectral and Multispectral Image Fusion via Nonlocal Low-Rank Tensor Decomposition and Spectral Unmixing
This publication appears in: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Authors: K. Wang, Y. Wang, X. Zhao, J. C-W Chan, Z. Xu and D. Meng
Publication Date: Nov. 2020
Hyperspectral (HS) imaging has shown its superiority in many real applications. However, it is usually difficult to obtain high-resolution (HR) HS images through existing imaging techniques due to the hardware limitations. To improve the spatial resolution of HS images, this article proposes an effective HS-multispectral (HS-MS) image fusion method by combining the ideas of nonlocal low-rank tensor modeling and spectral unmixing. To be more precise, instead of unfolding the HS image into a matrix as done in the literature, we directly represent it as a tensor, then a designed nonlocal Tucker decomposition is used to model its underlying spatial-spectral correlation and the spatial self-similarity. The MS image serves mainly as a data constraint to maintain spatial consistency. To further reduce the spectral distortions in spatial enhancement, endmembers, and abundances from the spectral are used for spectral regularization. An efficient algorithm based on the alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is developed to solve the resulting model. Extensive experiments on four HS image data sets demonstrate the superiority of the proposed method over several state-of-the-art HS-MS image fusion methods.