ETRO VUB
About ETRO  |  News  |  Events  |  Vacancies  |  Contact  
Home Research Education Industry Publications About ETRO

ETRO Publications

Full Details

Journal Publication

Current-Assisted SPAD with Improved p-n Junction and Enhanced NIR Performance

This publication appears in: Sensors

Authors: G. Jegannathan, T. Van den Dries and M. Kuijk

Volume: 20

Issue: 24

Number of Pages: 15

Publication Date: Dec. 2020


Abstract:

Single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) fabricated in conventional CMOS processes typically have limited near infra-red (NIR) sensitivity. This is the consequence of isolating the SPADs in a lowly-doped deep N-type well. In this work, we present a second improved version of the “current-assisted” single-photon avalanche diode, fabricated in a conventional 350 nm CMOS process, having good NIR sensitivity owing to 14 µm thick epilayer for photon absorption. The presented device has a photon absorption area of 30 30 µm2, with a much smaller central active area for avalanche multiplication. The photo-electrons generated in the absorption area are guided swiftly towards the central area with a drift field created by the “current-assistance” principle. The central active avalanche area has a cylindrical p-n junction as opposed to the square geometry from the previous iteration. The presented device shows improved performance in all aspects, most notably in photon detection probability. The p-n junction capacitance is estimated to be ~1 fF and on-chip passive quenching with source followers is employed to conserve the small capacitance for bringing monitoring signals off-chip. Device physics simulations are presented along with measured dark count rate (DCR), timing jitter, after-pulsing probability (APP) and photon detection probability (PDP). The presented device has a peak PDP of 22.2% at a wavelength of 600 nm and a timing jitter of 220 ps at a wavelength of 750 nm.

Other Reference Styles
Current ETRO Authors

Mr. Gobinath Jegannathan

+32 (0)02 629 103

gjeganna@etrovub.be

more info

Mr. Thomas Van den Dries

+32 (0)2 629 2930

tvandend@etrovub.be

more info

Prof. Maarten Kuijk

+32 (0)02 629 299

mkuijk@etrovub.be

more info

Other Publications

• Journal publications

IRIS • LAMI • AVSP

• Conference publications

IRIS • LAMI • AVSP

• Book publications

IRIS • LAMI • AVSP

• Reports

IRIS • LAMI • AVSP

• Laymen publications

IRIS • LAMI • AVSP

• PhD Theses

Search ETRO Publications

Author:

Keyword:  

Type:








- Contact person

- IRIS

- AVSP

- LAMI

- Contact person

- Thesis proposals

- ETRO Courses

- Contact person

- Spin-offs

- Know How

- Journals

- Conferences

- Books

- Vacancies

- News

- Events

- Press

Contact

ETRO Department

info@etro.vub.ac.be

Tel: +32 2 629 29 30

©2021 • Vrije Universiteit Brussel • ETRO Dept. • Pleinlaan 2 • 1050 Brussels • Tel: +32 2 629 2930 (secretariat) • Fax: +32 2 629 2883 • WebmasterDisclaimer