Deformable Dictionary Learning for SAR Image Change Detection
This publication appears in: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Authors: L. Li, Y. Zhao, J. Sun, R. Stolkin, Q. Pan, J. C-W Chan, S. G. Kong and Z. Liu
Publication Date: Aug. 2018
This paper proposes a novel method based on deformable dictionary learning for detecting the regions of change between multitemporal image pairs. We build on our previous work, which constructed a pair of dictionaries. The main shortcoming of this method was its dependence on a large amount of training data. In practice, there is often a shortage of ground-truthed training images, which limits the expression capability of the resulting dictionaries. This paper overcomes this challenge by incorporating the concept of deformation, wherein each atom of a dictionary is no longer a simple image patch, but instead is a flexible image deformation function. This enables the creation of more expressive dictionaries, capable of generalizing to a far greater variety of image patterns, while using a far smaller amount of ground-truthed images for supervised dictionary training. Deformation similarity is employed for patch matching to find the best set of atoms in the difference image (DI) dictionary for reconstructing image patches for a new input DI. Each such atom can be deformed to achieve a better match, thus extending generality while reducing the number of atoms needed in the dictionary. Multiple deformed atoms are weighted and combined to best reconstruct the input DI patch. Then, the same set of deformations and weights is projected to the corresponding atoms in the CD dictionary to obtain the output change-detection map. Experiments in six realistic synthetic aperture radar data sets demonstrate the robustness and efficiency of the proposed method in comparison with five other state-of-the-art methods from the literature.