IPC-Net: 3D point-cloud segmentation using deep inter-point convolutional layers: IPC-Net: 3D point-cloud segmentation using deep inter-point convolutional layers
Host Publication: IEEE: International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence
Authors: F. Gomez Marulanda, P. Libin, T. Verstraeten and A. Nowé
Publication Date: Aug. 2018
Over the last decade, the demand for better segmentation and classification algorithms in 3D spaces has significantly grown due to the popularity of new 3D sensor technologies and advancements in the field of robotics. Point-clouds are one of the most popular representations to store a digital description of 3D shapes. However, point-clouds are stored in irregular and unordered structures, which limits the direct use of segmentation algorithms such as Convolutional Neural Networks. The objective of our work is twofold: First, we aim to provide a full analysis of the PointNet architecture to illustrate which features are being extracted from the point- clouds. Second, to propose a new network architecture called IPC-Net to improve the state-of-the-art point cloud architectures. We show that IPC-Net extracts a larger set of unique features allowing the model to produce more accurate segmentations compared to the PointNet architecture. In general, our approach outperforms PointNet on every family of 3D geometries on which the models were tested. A high generalisation improvement was observed on every 3D shape, especially on the rockets dataset. Our experiments demonstrate that our main contribution, inter-point activation on the network's layers, is essential to accurately segment 3D point-clouds.