Publication Details
Cheng Chen, Wu Zhao, Huiyao Zhang, Tom Hauffman, Zhiyong Zhang, Johan Stiens

Ceramics International

Contribution To Journal


Carbon nanofibers (CNFs) is a typical electrical loss material with strong permittivity that has been widely used in the field of electromagnetic shielding, attenuation, and reception. However, studies have demonstrated that the unstable anisotropic EM behavior exhibited by CNFs in the terahertz domain hinders its application in the tremendously high frequency domain. In this study, ZnO is used to perform surface modification of CNFs based on the sputtering method, which effectively eliminate the anisotropic EM behavior of CNFs at different irradiation angles in the sub-terahertz band. ZnO coated the surface of fiber wall comprehensively in the form of nano-scale. The results show that after the surface modification, the composite sample exhibits a stable isotropic EM response in the sub-terahertz band of 500-750 GHz. Also, in the frequency range of 551-563 GHz (bandwidth: 12 GHz), ZnO not only acts as a stabilizer, but also enhances the absorption performance of the original CNFs by 6%, which is up to 92%. In the frequency range of 660-690 GHz (bandwidth: 30 GHz), the composite sample and the pure CNFs sample have similar wave absorption performance with about 75%, the maximum difference is less than 5%, and the minimum is about 2.6%.

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