Publication Details
Jakub Ceranka, Joris Wuts, Ophélye Chiabai, Frédéric Lecouvet, Jef Vandemeulebroucke

Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine

Contribution To Journal


The confident detection of metastatic bone disease is essential to improve patients’ comfort and increase life expectancy. Multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been successfully used for monitoring of metastatic bone disease, allowing for comprehensive and holistic evaluation of the total tumour volume and treatment response assessment. The major challenges of radiological reading of whole-body MRI come from the amount of data to be reviewed and the scattered distri- bution of metastases, often of complex shapes. This makes bone lesion detection and quantification demanding for a radiologist and prone to error. Additionally, whole-body MRI are often corrupted with multiple spatial and intensity distortions, which further degrade the performance of image reading and image processing algorithms. In this work we propose a fully automated computer-aided diagnosis system for the detection and segmentation of metastatic bone disease using whole-body multi-parametric MRI. The system consists of an extensive image preprocessing pipeline aiming at enhancing the image quality, followed by a deep learning framework for detection and segmentation of metastatic bone disease. The system outperformed state-of-the-art methodologies, achieving a detection sensitivity of 63% with a mean of 6.44 false positives per image, and an average lesion Dice coefficient of 0.53. A provided ablation study performed to investigate the relative importance of image preprocessing shows that introduction of region of interest mask and spatial registration have a significant impact on detection and segmentation performance in whole-body MRI. The proposed computer-aided diagnosis system allows for automatic quantification of disease infiltration and could provide a valuable tool during radiological examination of whole-body MRI.