Publication Details
Fahimeh Akbarian, Chiara Rossi, Costers, Lars, Marie D'hooghe, Miguel D'haeseleer, Nagels, Guy, Jeroen Van Schependom

Multiple Sclerosis Journal

Contribution To Journal


Background: An imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmission in multiple sclerosis (MS) may lead to cognitive impairment, such as impaired working memory. The 1/f slope of electroencephalography/magnetoencephalography (EEG/MEG) power spectra is shown to be a non-invasive proxy of excitation/inhibition balance. A flatter slope is associated with higher excitation/lower inhibition. Objectives: To assess the 1/f slope modulation induced by stimulus and its association with behavioral and cognitive measures. Methods: We analyzed MEG recordings of 38 healthy controls (HCs) and 79 people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) while performing an n-back task including target and distractor stimuli. Target trials require an answer, while distractor trials do not. We computed the 1/f spectral slope through the fitting oscillations and one over f (FOOOF) algorithm within the time windows 1 second before and after each stimulus presentation. Results: We observed a flatter 1/f slope after distractor stimuli in pwMS compared to HCs. The 1/f slope was significantly steeper after stimulus for both HCs and pwMS and was significantly correlated with reaction times. This modulation in 1/f slope was significantly correlated with visuospatial memory assessed by the BVMT-R test. Conclusion: Our results suggest possible inhibitory mechanism deficits in pwMS during a working memory task.

DOI scopus